Space exploration is an exciting and ambitious endeavor, but it is not without its challenges. From radiation to hostile environments, distance from Earth, and isolation and confinement, there are many threats to human health and performance associated with space flight. In addition, deep space missions are limited in terms of the amount of energy available for radio communication to and from Earth. This means that radio signals transmitted by spaceships are very weak and must be detected among the background noise.
It can take hours for signals to reach Earth, making it difficult to expect a quick response. The environment of space is infinitely more hostile to human life than the surface of the sea. Escaping Earth's gravity requires much more work and expense than leaving the coast. Astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) must exercise to combat muscle wasting and bone loss, but they still lose bone mass in space. Furthermore, space dust can harm astronauts' lung health and wreak havoc on equipment and ventilation systems. In order to establish a permanent settlement in space, deep space navigation expert Joseph Guinn wants to design an autonomous system that collects images of nearby targets and objects and uses their relative location to triangulate the coordinates of a spaceship without the need for ground control.
Dust can test the ability to establish this permanent settlement, and the key to survival will be paying special attention to lung health both on Mars and in space. As it gets easier to send more mass into space, designers could become more ambitious, but they won't have to reinvent the wheel. Space dust attaches itself to astronauts through static electricity, has sharp edges, and follows them back to their spaceships, increasing the chances of dust entering their lungs and causing damage. The Deep Space Network is a set of antenna arrays in California, Australia, and Spain that is used as a navigation tool for space. An ultra-precise atomic clock on Earth multiplies the time it takes for a signal to reach a spaceship from the network and vice versa, allowing navigators to determine the ship's position.
For deep space missions, navigators must also take into account the gravitational forces of planets and moons and other forces that could affect the trajectory. The United States Space Surveillance Network is monitoring 17,000 objects that revolve around the Earth at speeds of more than 17,500 miles per hour; if you count pieces smaller than 10 centimeters, they approach 500,000 objects. But you're running through frictionless space at, say, 200,000 miles per hour (assuming you've broken the merger).The main challenges of space exploration are far greater than those depicted in Star Wars; they include radiation, altered gravity fields, hostile and closed environments, distance from Earth, isolation and confinement, limited energy availability for radio communication, dust particles entering lungs and damaging equipment, navigating with Deep Space Network antenna arrays using an ultra-precise atomic clock on Earth, taking into account gravitational forces of planets and moons when navigating deep space missions, and monitoring 17000+ objects revolving around Earth.