Shock-absorbing sneakers are among the advances that come from space exploration technologies, cell phone cameras. In the 1970s, NASA developed filtration systems that used iodine filters and cartridges to ensure that astronauts had access to safe and tasteless water. This filtering technology is now standard. In partnership with Honeywell Corporation, NASA improved smoke detection technology in the 1970s, creating a unit with adjustable sensitivity to prevent constant false alarms.
In the 1990s, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory invented a lightweight, miniature imaging system that required little energy to take high-quality photographs from space. This technology has become standard in cell phone and computer cameras. The first portable computer, the Grid Compass, was used on multiple shuttle missions in the 1980s. Dubbed SPOC (Shuttle Portable On-Board Computer), the computer could communicate with on-board devices and was used to launch satellites from space shuttles.
The ability to cook food on long space missions is no longer impossible with the invention of 3D food printers. This technology is now being refined for commercial use in the production of chocolates and other confectionary products, as well as for creating nutritious foods for diabetics and others with specific dietary needs. Thiokol has used excess rocket fuel through an agreement with NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center to produce a flare that can safely destroy landmines. Fuel that is not used during launch will become solid, which cannot be reused, but can be used as a necessary ingredient to create the mine clearance device flare.
The demining device flare uses a battery-activated electric match to ignite and neutralize landmines in the field without detonating them. The flare uses the rocket's solid fuel to drill a hole in the shell of a mine and burns the explosive contents so that the mine can be safely disarmed. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the U.S. UU.
The government agency that runs the country's civil space program has achieved some truly amazing feats since its creation in 1958, from defeating the Soviet Union in the race to take astronauts to the Moon to exploring the surface of Mars with unmanned robotic vehicles. So it probably won't surprise you to learn that NASA employs an impressive group of scientific and engineering talent in a wide range of fields, from astronomy and physics to chemistry, biology and materials science. The list of inventions is certainly long, but if we had to highlight a few favorites, these 10 would top the list. In the early 1960s, an aeronautical engineer named Charles Yost worked on a technology designed to ensure that the Apollo command module and its astronauts could safely recover after landing.
That experience proved useful four years later, when Yost was hired to help NASA's Ames Research Center develop seats for airplanes that could absorb energy from accidents and increase the chances of survival for passengers. Yost created a special type of plastic foam that had the seemingly miraculous ability to deform and absorb tremendous pressure, and then return to its original shape. In 1967, Yost formed his own company, Dynamic Systems Inc. Since then, memory foam has been introduced in dozens of applications.
In the 1970s and 1980s, the Dallas Cowboys professional football team used it to cover players' helmets to reduce trauma caused by the impact on the field. Shoe manufacturers have turned to foam to create special, highly comfortable insoles. In hospitals, mattresses and wheelchair seats made of foam help patients with painful and dangerous sores on the body. One of the challenges of space exploration is that equipment must withstand radical conditions, from the heat of rocket exhaust gases to extreme cold in space.
Surprisingly, one of the most destructive forces is the corrosive effect of ocean dew and fog loaded with salt water. It oxidizes the porches (large structures that surround rocket launch sites) and launch structures at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida and other coastal facilities. Fortunately, in the 1970s, researchers at the agency's Goddard Space Flight Center discovered that coating equipment with a protective layer containing zinc dust and potassium silicate would help prevent costly rust. Since the mid-1960s, scientists at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) image processing laboratory (JPL) have been working to improve video imaging software, so that astronomers can turn data from space probes into increasingly vivid, high-resolution images of distant planets and other celestial objects.
The California Institute of Technology, which manages JPL for NASA, licensed the technology to a private company, Medical Technologies International Inc. MTI), whose chief engineer, Robert Seltzer, was a veteran researcher at JPL. It can be used with ultrasound equipment to perform a non-invasive examination of the patient's carotid artery, which carries blood to the brain. In the late 1970s, Adam Kissiah Jr.
They simply amplified the sound that entered the ear without clarifying it. In an effort to solve the problem, he used his knowledge of NASA's advances in electronic detection systems, telemetry, and sound and vibration sensors. He came up with the concept of a new type of hearing aid: an implant that would produce digital pulses to stimulate auditory nerve endings, which would then transmit the signals to the brain. It may seem hard to believe, but there was a time when eyeglasses were actually made of glass.
Not only did they weigh, but if the person wearing them was hit by something, the lenses would break and shed small fragments of glass that endangered vision. For that reason, in 1972, the United States. The Food and Drug Administration stated that all sunglasses and prescription lenses are resistant to breakage, essentially forcing lens manufacturers to opt for a more durable plastic. Charge-coupled devices (CCD) have the ability to digitize light into data.
In other words, they offer an easier way to convert light energy (from photons) into digital images than other imaging methods. In 1997, NASA created a supersensitive CCD for Hubble to increase the quality and breadth of the phenomena it could capture in the cosmos. Since its invention, the lives of more than 320,000 patients, including those who are deaf at birth, have greatly improved thanks to the placement of corrective implants. Ceradyne suggested TPA, and the two companies began a collaboration that led to the development of invisible orthodontic appliances.
Ceradyne is now a wholly-owned subsidiary of tech giant 3M. Although they're not for everyone, these types of braces can help eliminate much of the embarrassment that patients experience. In 1987, 300,000 units were produced per month, making them one of the most successful orthodontic products in the world. In 1983, Foster-Grant received a license from NASA to continue developing and producing scratch-resistant plastics.
They combined their own research with that of NASA and brought the technology to market. Despite sending humans to Earth orbit and to the moon, the idea of humans surviving in outer space must seem like science fiction. The technology, called a microbial check valve, has gained momentum in cleaning water in municipal hydraulic plants. During the 1970s, technology was refined and miniaturized for airline pilots and has since become ubiquitous for use in business and pleasure.
A nutritious algae-based vegetable oil invented by NASA scientists looking for a recycling agent to be used during long space missions is now an additive in many infant formulas. Although braces today have a relatively benign application (although teenagers around the world might disagree), they were originally intended for use in military technology. NASA's digital signal technology, originally used to recreate images of the moon during the Apollo missions, is the underlying technology that enables computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. In the United States, Action Products later marketed this technique for other foods, focusing on snacks, resulting in products such as Space ice cream.
It turns out that the same technology that allows NASA to separate shuttles from rockets can also free trapped victims. By combining the benefits of chemical adsorption, ion exchange and ultrafiltration processes, this technology can produce safe, drinkable water from the most difficult sources, such as in underdeveloped regions where well water can be heavily contaminated. In pursuit of this noble cause, many new scientific discoveries, patents and derivative technologies have been created. Originally created for spacecraft design, it has been used in a number of non-aerospace applications and is available to industry through NASA's Computational Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC).
Because prolonged exposure to zero gravity causes bone loss and muscle atrophy, NASA created training machines to allow astronauts to maintain good physical shape while in space. Their continued investment in this field has led to the incorporation of many space-age advances, such as shock absorption and cushioning. The 9-ounce purifier, slightly larger than a pack of cigarettes and completely chlorine-free, distributed silver ions into the spaceship's water supply to successfully kill bacteria. .