Currently, the international space law regime grants legal authority to regulate and manage space activities to national states, not international bodies, through article VI of the Outer Space Treaty. There are five international treaties that underpin space law, overseen by the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS). Does the United States own the Moon? Have you ever wondered if there are laws about space? Space law is the set of laws, agreements and treaties that govern outer space. World leaders must study how to regulate activity in space.
Space law covers issues such as exploration regulations, the use of weapons, damages, rescue efforts for astronauts in distress, environmental regulations, and space activity records. Before the first satellite was launched, the United States already recognized that military activities around the world would be easily observed from space, which would serve as an advantage for national security. Another important advance in international space law is the recommendation to establish a national compliance framework, as opposed to the international system for monitoring compliance with international space treaties. Because of the increasing complexities of international space governance and the gaps in the treaties currently in force, States have become more inclined to develop national space legislation in order to monitor and control public and private activities within their jurisdiction in outer space.
Despite the increase in the activities of private actors in outer space, “the public interest in regulating issues of protection, liability and the peaceful use of outer space remains valid also in the context of activities carried out privately”. The committee's duty includes reviewing international cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space, studying space-related activities that the UN can implement, encouraging space research programs, and studying legal problems that arise from the exploration of outer space. Consequently, the law applicable to space activities is not limited to the law of outer space; on the contrary, there are many other laws and regulations that should be applied as well, especially in view of the increase in privatization. Although UNCOPUOS, at the time of its creation, was “created” by the United Nations General Assembly to govern the exploration and use of space for the benefit of all humanity, the committee currently functions as an international forum with purely administrative powers.
In addition, for space laws to function properly, UNCOPUOS must reserve extraterritorial jurisdiction and act as an international space tribunal to enforce the provisions codified in space treaties. Although Article 92 of the Charter of the United Nations states that “the ICJ shall be the principal judicial organ of the United Nations”, the complexity of space activities requires a special legal institution of which UNCOPUOS is one of its main sources, since it was created intentionally “to regulate the exploration and use of outer space”. While most scientists agree that outer space begins approximately 100 kilometers from space, NASA officials and other space regulators and enthusiasts continued to watch the Red Bull Stratos project with great interest. This site has been created to help all people involved or interested in space to find information about space laws and regulations by searching its database, and to help them learn more about the laws that govern space activities.
The reason for this is not unreasonable; according to Von der Dunk (200, 2), the current international rules governing space activities are essentially aimed at states and will continue to be developed mainly at the public level for some time, without being fully applied to private actors. Nowadays, the situation has evolved and the objective is to increase the use of space by everyone and in all areas to improve knowledge of the Universe, help manage risks, protect the environment, maintain peace and security and achieve a high degree of cooperation for the benefit of humanity as a whole. To date, most nations have been hesitant to sign agreements that renounce territorial sovereignty in space. .